Bible King James Version and Apocrypha
Book of Enoch and Jasher are not included in Apocrypha, so they are separated in the Table of Contents as well as in the Search. They are also not included in Daily Verses and Reading Plan. You can remove these books: Menu->Settings->switch off “Show Enoch/Jasher/Jubilees”
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The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version or King James Bible (KJB), an English translation of Christian Bible for Church of England, was first published in 1604 and finished in 1611. This was the third English translation to be approved by English Church authorities. It was first printed by Robert Barker, King’s Printer.
James gave instructions to translators to ensure that the new version complied with the Church of England’s ecclesiology. He also wanted to make sure that it reflected the Church of England’s episcopal structure and belief in an ordained priest. The translation was completed by 47 scholars who were all members of the Church of England. As with many other translations of that period, the New Testament was translated into Greek text while the Old Testament was translated into Hebrew text. The Apocrypha, however, were translated from Latin and Greek.
The Biblical apocrypha is derived from the Greek word apokruphos (meaning “hidden”) and refers to a collection of ancient books that were found in certain editions of the Bible. It can be either in a separate section of the Old and New Testaments, or as an appendix after reading the New Testament. The term apocrypha has been around since the 5th Century. However, Luther’s Bible 1534 was the first to publish the Apocrypha as an intertestamental section. Luther was making a polemic point about these books’ canonicity. He cited St. Jerome as an authority on this division. Jerome was an early 5th-century scholar who distinguished the Hebrew Old Testaments and the Greek Old Testaments. He also stated that books not found within the Hebrew could not be considered canonical. His statement was controversial at the time, but he was later made a Doctor of Church. His authority was also mentioned in the Anglican statement 1571 of the Thirty-Nine Articles.
King James Version
English-language King James Version (1611) followed Luther Bible’s lead by using an inter-testamental area labelled “Books called Apocrypha”, if not just “Apocrypha” at its running page header. The KJV almost followed the Geneva Bible (1560) exactly (variations are indicated below). This section includes the following:
– 1 Esdras (Vulgate 3 Esdras)
– 2 Esdras (Vulgate 4 Esdras)
– Judith (“Judeth”) in Geneva
– Rest of Esther, (Vulgate Esther 10,:4-16:24).
– Ecclesiasticus (also called Sirach)
– Baruch and The Epistle of Jeremy (“Jeremiah”) (all part of Vulgate Baruch
– Song of the Three Children (Vulgate Daniel 3,:24-90).
– The Story of Susanna (Vulgate Daniel 13, 13)
– The Idol Bel and the Dragon, (Vulgate Daniel 14, 14)
– Prayer of Manasses (follows two Chronicles in Geneva).
– 1 Maccabees
– 2 Maccabees
This list includes books of the Clementine Vulgate, which are not included in Luther’s canon. These books are often referred to as “the Apocrypha”. These books are also listed under Article VI of Articles Thirty-Nine of the Church of England. These books, despite being included in the Apocrypha (in the table of lessons at some printings) of the King James Bible are still considered to be part of the Old Testament.